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Tritium Capabilities

Qualified, established expertise combined with advanced facilities for tritium handling, management and process.

Advanced Expertise

Kinectrics is a long-time provider of advanced technical expertise to the international tritium community for tritium handling, storage, monitoring and dosimetry. Kinectrics Inc. has operated an accredited tritium facility for over 15 years and provided a wide range of technical support services in this area for North American utilities, international laboratories, waste disposal sites, tritium light manufacturers and universities.

We offer clients the advantage of long-term experience and expertise in tritium-related technologies, including cryogenic distillation as an isotope separation technology.

Kinectrics’ state-of-the-art laboratory and testing facilities are host to a hydrogen distillation pilot plant used to demonstrate, test and engineer low inventory distillation technology for isotope separation. This work is complemented by Kinectrics’ extensive modeling expertise in hydrogen isotope separation systems.

Comprehensive Capabilities

Kinectrics’ qualified industry specialists provide broad-based capabilities in tritium management and handling. We offer comprehensive services to support your organization:

  • Isotope separation – cryogenic distillation, gas chromatographic, electrolysis
  • Chemical, hydride (ZrFe), membrane based isotopic purification technologies for hydrogen
  • Tritium systems design – tritium rooms, glovebox cleanup, glovebox layout, dispensing
  • Tritium handling expertise — contamination control, decontamination, equipment selection, systems commissioning, safety
  • Monitoring — process and surface activity sensors, liquid scintillation counting, gas proportional counters, passive samplers
  • Environmental (air, liquid, soil) assessment and tracking of tritium
  • Design/build of systems for the destruction of mixed (H3 or C-14), liquid, wastes
  • Storage — design and testing of hydride (titanium, depleted uranium) storage beds
  • Tritium Safe Handling Course
  • Support with regulatory issues and licensing

Proven Project Experience

  • Engineering, design, and procurement engineering for cryogenic distillation systems in a large tritium removal facility for the Wolsong Nuclear Power Plant in South Korea. The Wolsong Tritium Removal Facility can handle 100 kg/h of heavy water from nuclear reactors. Kinectrics engineered the deuterium gas-cleanup system, pumping and compression of the deuterium gas, and the cryogenic distillation cascade. The distillation system produces >99% pure T2.
  • Design and delivery of a complete tritium removal facility and isotope separation system for the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory in the United States. The system is based on a once-through purification concept using palladium/silver diffusers and four inter-linked cryogenic distillation columns. The system treats up to 2 L/min of exhaust gas
  • A major research program based largely on developing technologies, theory and modeling of tritium separation cascades for the Fusion community and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Canada. Development of ITER related products including design and manufacture of tritium handling systems for hydride storage and glovebox cleanup, tritium surface-activity sensors, tritium storage beds, getter beds and process monitoring equipment for tritium.
  • Large development program based on an Advanced Gas Chromatograph (AGC) system. The AGC is used to strip and recover tritium from a hydrogen waste gas stream as part of a tritiated solvent destruction system.
  • Scale-up (design/build/commissioning) of catalytic oxidation system for the destruction of tritium or carbon-14 bearing mixed liquid waste. The system processed up to 35 g/min of tritiated liquid, activities up to 1 TBq/L (30 Ci/L) converting the waste to tritiated hydrogen gas, which can be further processed to enrich the tritium. Carbon-14 bearing liquids were processed at ~10 g/min with activities ranging up to 30 GBq/g (0.8 Ci/g).